Css справочник примеры и элементы

CSS Справочники

CSS СправочникCSS ПоддержкаCSS СелекторыCSS ФункцииCSS ЗвукCSS Веб шрифтыCSS АнимацииCSS ДлиныCSS Конвертер px-emCSS Названия цветаCSS Значения цветаCSS по умолчаниюCSS Символы

CSS Свойства

align-content
align-items
align-self
all
animation
animation-delay
animation-direction
animation-duration
animation-fill-mode
animation-iteration-count
animation-name
animation-play-state
animation-timing-function
backface-visibility
background
background-attachment
background-blend-mode
background-clip
background-color
background-image
background-origin
background-position
background-repeat
background-size
border
border-bottom
border-bottom-color
border-bottom-left-radius
border-bottom-right-radius
border-bottom-style
border-bottom-width
border-collapse
border-color
border-image
border-image-outset
border-image-repeat
border-image-slice
border-image-source
border-image-width
border-left
border-left-color
border-left-style
border-left-width
border-radius
border-right
border-right-color
border-right-style
border-right-width
border-spacing
border-style
border-top
border-top-color
border-top-left-radius
border-top-right-radius
border-top-style
border-top-width
border-width
bottom
box-decoration-break
box-shadow
box-sizing
caption-side
caret-color
@charset
clear
clip
color
column-count
column-fill
column-gap
column-rule
column-rule-color
column-rule-style
column-rule-width
column-span
column-width
columns
content
counter-increment
counter-reset
cursor
direction
display
empty-cells
filter
flex
flex-basis
flex-direction
flex-flow
flex-grow
flex-shrink
flex-wrap
float
font
@font-face
font-family
font-kerning
font-size
font-size-adjust
font-stretch
font-style
font-variant
font-weight
grid
grid-area
grid-auto-columns
grid-auto-flow
grid-auto-rows
grid-column
grid-column-end
grid-column-gap
grid-column-start
grid-gap
grid-row
grid-row-end
grid-row-gap
grid-row-start
grid-template
grid-template-areas
grid-template-columns
grid-template-rows
hanging-punctuation
height
hyphens
@import
isolation
justify-content
@keyframes
left
letter-spacing
line-height
list-style
list-style-image
list-style-position
list-style-type
margin
margin-bottom
margin-left
margin-right
margin-top
max-height
max-width
@media
min-height
min-width
mix-blend-mode
object-fit
object-position
opacity
order
outline
outline-color
outline-offset
outline-style
outline-width
overflow
overflow-x
overflow-y
padding
padding-bottom
padding-left
padding-right
padding-top
page-break-after
page-break-before
page-break-inside
perspective
perspective-origin
pointer-events
position
quotes
resize
right
tab-size
table-layout
text-align
text-align-last
text-decoration
text-decoration-color
text-decoration-line
text-decoration-style
text-indent
text-justify
text-overflow
text-shadow
text-transform
top
transform
transform-origin
transform-style
transition
transition-delay
transition-duration
transition-property
transition-timing-function
unicode-bidi
user-select
vertical-align
visibility
white-space
width
word-break
word-spacing
word-wrap
writing-mode
z-index

Relative Lengths

Relative length units specify a length relative to another length property.
Relative length units scale better between different rendering medium.

Unit Description
em Relative to the font-size of the element (2em means 2 times the size of the current font) Try it
ex Relative to the x-height of the current font (rarely used) Try it
ch Relative to the width of the «0» (zero) Try it
rem Relative to font-size of the root element Try it
vw Relative to 1% of the width of the viewport* Try it
vh Relative to 1% of the height of the viewport* Try it
vmin Relative to 1% of viewport’s* smaller dimension Try it
vmax Relative to 1% of viewport’s* larger dimension Try it
% Relative to the parent element Try it

Tip: The em and rem units are practical in creating perfectly
scalable layout!* Viewport = the browser window size. If the viewport is 50cm
wide, 1vw = 0.5cm.

CSS Border — Individual Sides

From the examples on the previous pages, you have seen that it is possible to specify a
different border for each side.

In CSS, there are also properties for specifying each of the borders (top,
right, bottom, and left):

Example

p
{
 
border-top-style: dotted;
 
border-right-style: solid;
  border-bottom-style: dotted;
  border-left-style: solid;
}

Result:

Different Border Styles

The example above gives the same result as this:

Example

p { 
border-style: dotted solid;}

So, here is how it works:

If the property has four values:

  • border-style: dotted solid double dashed;

    • top border is dotted
    • right border is solid
    • bottom border is double
    • left border is dashed

If the property has three values:

  • border-style: dotted solid double;

    • top border is dotted
    • right and left borders are solid
    • bottom border is double

If the property has two values:

  • border-style: dotted solid;

    • top and bottom borders are dotted
    • right and left borders are solid

If the property has one value:

  • border-style: dotted;

    all four borders are dotted

Example

/* Four values */p {  border-style: dotted solid double dashed; }/* Three
values */p {  border-style: dotted solid double; }/* Two values */p {  border-style: dotted solid; }/* One value */p {  border-style: dotted; }

The property is used in the example above. However, it also works with

and .

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CSS Reference

CSS ReferenceCSS Browser SupportCSS SelectorsCSS FunctionsCSS Reference AuralCSS Web Safe FontsCSS Font FallbacksCSS AnimatableCSS UnitsCSS PX-EM ConverterCSS ColorsCSS Color ValuesCSS Default ValuesCSS Entities

CSS Properties

align-content
align-items
align-self
all
animation
animation-delay
animation-direction
animation-duration
animation-fill-mode
animation-iteration-count
animation-name
animation-play-state
animation-timing-function

backface-visibility
background
background-attachment
background-blend-mode
background-clip
background-color
background-image
background-origin
background-position
background-repeat
background-size
border
border-bottom
border-bottom-color
border-bottom-left-radius
border-bottom-right-radius
border-bottom-style
border-bottom-width
border-collapse
border-color
border-image
border-image-outset
border-image-repeat
border-image-slice
border-image-source
border-image-width
border-left
border-left-color
border-left-style
border-left-width
border-radius
border-right
border-right-color
border-right-style
border-right-width
border-spacing
border-style
border-top
border-top-color
border-top-left-radius
border-top-right-radius
border-top-style
border-top-width
border-width
bottom
box-decoration-break
box-shadow
box-sizing
break-after
break-before
break-inside

caption-side
caret-color
@charset
clear
clip
clip-path
color
column-count
column-fill
column-gap
column-rule
column-rule-color
column-rule-style
column-rule-width
column-span
column-width
columns
content
counter-increment
counter-reset
cursor

direction
display
empty-cells
filter
flex
flex-basis
flex-direction
flex-flow
flex-grow
flex-shrink
flex-wrap
float
font
@font-face
font-family
font-feature-settings
font-kerning
font-size
font-size-adjust
font-stretch
font-style
font-variant
font-variant-caps
font-weight

gap
grid
grid-area
grid-auto-columns
grid-auto-flow
grid-auto-rows
grid-column
grid-column-end
grid-column-gap
grid-column-start
grid-gap
grid-row
grid-row-end
grid-row-gap
grid-row-start
grid-template
grid-template-areas
grid-template-columns
grid-template-rows

hanging-punctuation
height
hyphens
@import
isolation
justify-content
@keyframes
left
letter-spacing

line-height
list-style
list-style-image
list-style-position
list-style-type

margin
margin-bottom
margin-left
margin-right
margin-top
max-height
max-width
@media
min-height
min-width
mix-blend-mode

object-fit
object-position
opacity
order
outline
outline-color
outline-offset
outline-style
outline-width
overflow
overflow-x
overflow-y

padding
padding-bottom
padding-left
padding-right
padding-top
page-break-after
page-break-before
page-break-inside
perspective
perspective-origin
pointer-events
position
quotes

resize
right
row-gap

scroll-behavior

tab-size
table-layout
text-align
text-align-last
text-decoration
text-decoration-color
text-decoration-line
text-decoration-style
text-indent
text-justify
text-overflow
text-shadow
text-transform
top

transform
transform-origin
transform-style
transition
transition-delay
transition-duration
transition-property
transition-timing-function

unicode-bidi
user-select

vertical-align
visibility

white-space
width
word-break
word-spacing
word-wrap
writing-mode

z-index

CSS Свойства

align-contentalign-itemsalign-selfallanimationanimation-delayanimation-directionanimation-durationanimation-fill-modeanimation-iteration-countanimation-nameanimation-play-stateanimation-timing-functionbackface-visibilitybackgroundbackground-attachmentbackground-blend-modebackground-clipbackground-colorbackground-imagebackground-originbackground-positionbackground-repeatbackground-sizeborderborder-bottomborder-bottom-colorborder-bottom-left-radiusborder-bottom-right-radiusborder-bottom-styleborder-bottom-widthborder-collapseborder-colorborder-imageborder-image-outsetborder-image-repeatborder-image-sliceborder-image-sourceborder-image-widthborder-leftborder-left-colorborder-left-styleborder-left-widthborder-radiusborder-rightborder-right-colorborder-right-styleborder-right-widthborder-spacingborder-styleborder-topborder-top-colorborder-top-left-radiusborder-top-right-radiusborder-top-styleborder-top-widthborder-widthbottombox-decoration-breakbox-shadowbox-sizingcaption-sidecaret-color@charsetclearclipcolorcolumn-countcolumn-fillcolumn-gapcolumn-rulecolumn-rule-colorcolumn-rule-stylecolumn-rule-widthcolumn-spancolumn-widthcolumnscontentcounter-incrementcounter-resetcursordirectiondisplayempty-cellsfilterflexflex-basisflex-directionflex-flowflex-growflex-shrinkflex-wrapfloatfont@font-facefont-familyfont-kerningfont-sizefont-size-adjustfont-stretchfont-stylefont-variantfont-weightgridgrid-areagrid-auto-columnsgrid-auto-flowgrid-auto-rowsgrid-columngrid-column-endgrid-column-gapgrid-column-startgrid-gapgrid-rowgrid-row-endgrid-row-gapgrid-row-startgrid-templategrid-template-areasgrid-template-columnsgrid-template-rowshanging-punctuationheighthyphens@importisolationjustify-content@keyframesleftletter-spacingline-heightlist-stylelist-style-imagelist-style-positionlist-style-typemarginmargin-bottommargin-leftmargin-rightmargin-topmax-heightmax-width@mediamin-heightmin-widthmix-blend-modeobject-fitobject-positionopacityorderoutlineoutline-coloroutline-offsetoutline-styleoutline-widthoverflowoverflow-xoverflow-ypaddingpadding-bottompadding-leftpadding-rightpadding-toppage-break-afterpage-break-beforepage-break-insideperspectiveperspective-originpointer-eventspositionquotesresizerighttab-sizetable-layouttext-aligntext-align-lasttext-decorationtext-decoration-colortext-decoration-linetext-decoration-styletext-indenttext-justifytext-overflowtext-shadowtext-transformtoptransformtransform-origintransform-styletransitiontransition-delaytransition-durationtransition-propertytransition-timing-functionunicode-bidiuser-selectvertical-alignvisibilitywhite-spacewidthword-breakword-spacingword-wrapwriting-modez-index

Примеры

Пример

Демонстрация того, как использовать содержание свойства знчений. В следующем примере контейнер (.a) исчезнет, и создадутся дочерние элементы (.b) дочерние элементы элемента на следующем уровне вверх в DOM:

.a {  display: contents;  border:
2px solid red;  background-color: #ccc;  padding: 10px;  width: 200px;}.b {  border: 2px solid blue;
  background-color: lightblue;  padding: 10px;}

Пример

Демонстрация того, как использовать наследование значения свойства :

body {  display: inline;}p {  display: inherit;}

Пример

Установить направление некоторых гибких элементов внутри элемента <div> в обратном порядке:

div {  display: -webkit-flex; /* Safari */  -webkit-flex-direction: row-reverse; /* Safari 6.1+ */  display: flex;  flex-direction: row-reverse;}

Property Values

Value Description Play it
none Specifies no border. This is default Play it »
hidden The same as «none», except in border conflict
resolution for table elements
Play it »
dotted Specifies a dotted border Play it »
dashed Specifies a dashed border Play it »
solid Specifies a solid border Play it »
double Specifies a double border Play it »
groove Specifies a 3D grooved border. The effect depends on the
border-color value
Play it »
ridge Specifies a 3D ridged border. The effect depends on the
border-color value
Play it »
inset Specifies a 3D inset border. The effect depends on the
border-color value
Play it »
outset Specifies a 3D outset border. The effect depends on the
border-color value
Play it »
initial Sets this property to its default value. Read about initial Play it »
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element. Read about inherit

Absolute Lengths

The absolute length units are fixed and a length expressed in any of these will appear as exactly that size.

Absolute length units are not recommended for use on screen, because screen sizes vary so much.
However, they can be used if the output medium is known, such
as for print layout.

Unit Description
cm centimeters
Try it
mm millimeters
Try it
in inches (1in = 96px = 2.54cm)
Try it
px * pixels (1px = 1/96th of 1in)
Try it
pt points (1pt = 1/72 of 1in)
Try it
pc picas (1pc = 12 pt)
Try it

* Pixels (px) are relative to the viewing device. For low-dpi devices, 1px is one device pixel (dot) of the display. For printers and high resolution
screens 1px implies multiple device pixels.

Border Color CSS

Свойство HTML border-color используется, чтобы указать цвет границы для одной из четырех сторон элемента.

Цвет можно указывать несколькими способами:

  • Названием – вписывается название цвета (например, red);
  • Hex – указывается hex-значение цвета (например, #FF0000);
  • RGB – указывается RGB-значение цвета (например, rgb(255,0,0));
  • transparent (прозрачная).

У свойства border-color может быть от одного до четырех значений (для верхней, правой, нижней и левой стороны).

Если не выставить свойство border-color, то границы будут наследовать цвет элемента.

Пример

p.one {
    border-style: solid;
    border-color: red;
}

p.two {
    border-style: solid;
    border-color: green;
}

p.three {
    border-style: solid;
    border-color: red green blue yellow;
}

Посмотреть результат

CSS Свойства

align-contentalign-itemsalign-selfallanimationanimation-delayanimation-directionanimation-durationanimation-fill-modeanimation-iteration-countanimation-nameanimation-play-stateanimation-timing-functionbackface-visibilitybackgroundbackground-attachmentbackground-blend-modebackground-clipbackground-colorbackground-imagebackground-originbackground-positionbackground-repeatbackground-sizeborderborder-bottomborder-bottom-colorborder-bottom-left-radiusborder-bottom-right-radiusborder-bottom-styleborder-bottom-widthborder-collapseborder-colorborder-imageborder-image-outsetborder-image-repeatborder-image-sliceborder-image-sourceborder-image-widthborder-leftborder-left-colorborder-left-styleborder-left-widthborder-radiusborder-rightborder-right-colorborder-right-styleborder-right-widthborder-spacingborder-styleborder-topborder-top-colorborder-top-left-radiusborder-top-right-radiusborder-top-styleborder-top-widthborder-widthbottombox-decoration-breakbox-shadowbox-sizingcaption-sidecaret-color@charsetclearclipcolorcolumn-countcolumn-fillcolumn-gapcolumn-rulecolumn-rule-colorcolumn-rule-stylecolumn-rule-widthcolumn-spancolumn-widthcolumnscontentcounter-incrementcounter-resetcursordirectiondisplayempty-cellsfilterflexflex-basisflex-directionflex-flowflex-growflex-shrinkflex-wrapfloatfont@font-facefont-familyfont-kerningfont-sizefont-size-adjustfont-stretchfont-stylefont-variantfont-weightgridgrid-areagrid-auto-columnsgrid-auto-flowgrid-auto-rowsgrid-columngrid-column-endgrid-column-gapgrid-column-startgrid-gapgrid-rowgrid-row-endgrid-row-gapgrid-row-startgrid-templategrid-template-areasgrid-template-columnsgrid-template-rowshanging-punctuationheighthyphens@importisolationjustify-content@keyframesleftletter-spacingline-heightlist-stylelist-style-imagelist-style-positionlist-style-typemarginmargin-bottommargin-leftmargin-rightmargin-topmax-heightmax-width@mediamin-heightmin-widthmix-blend-modeobject-fitobject-positionopacityorderoutlineoutline-coloroutline-offsetoutline-styleoutline-widthoverflowoverflow-xoverflow-ypaddingpadding-bottompadding-leftpadding-rightpadding-toppage-break-afterpage-break-beforepage-break-insideperspectiveperspective-originpointer-eventspositionquotesresizerighttab-sizetable-layouttext-aligntext-align-lasttext-decorationtext-decoration-colortext-decoration-linetext-decoration-styletext-indenttext-justifytext-overflowtext-shadowtext-transformtoptransformtransform-origintransform-styletransitiontransition-delaytransition-durationtransition-propertytransition-timing-functionunicode-bidiuser-selectvertical-alignvisibilitywhite-spacewidthword-breakword-spacingword-wrapwriting-modez-index

Property Values

Value Description Play it
none Default value. Specifies no border Play it »
hidden The same as «none», except in border conflict
resolution for table elements
Play it »
dotted Specifies a dotted border Play it »
dashed Specifies a dashed border Play it »
solid Specifies a solid border Play it »
double Specifies a double border Play it »
groove Specifies a 3D grooved border. The effect depends on the
border-color value
Play it »
ridge Specifies a 3D ridged border. The effect depends on the
border-color value
Play it »
inset Specifies a 3D inset border. The effect depends on the
border-color value
Play it »
outset Specifies a 3D outset border. The effect depends on the
border-color value
Play it »
initial Sets this property to its default value. Read about initial Play it »
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element. Read about inherit

CSS Reference

CSS ReferenceCSS Browser SupportCSS SelectorsCSS FunctionsCSS Reference AuralCSS Web Safe FontsCSS Font FallbacksCSS AnimatableCSS UnitsCSS PX-EM ConverterCSS ColorsCSS Color ValuesCSS Default ValuesCSS Entities

CSS Properties

align-content
align-items
align-self
all
animation
animation-delay
animation-direction
animation-duration
animation-fill-mode
animation-iteration-count
animation-name
animation-play-state
animation-timing-function

backface-visibility
background
background-attachment
background-blend-mode
background-clip
background-color
background-image
background-origin
background-position
background-repeat
background-size
border
border-bottom
border-bottom-color
border-bottom-left-radius
border-bottom-right-radius
border-bottom-style
border-bottom-width
border-collapse
border-color
border-image
border-image-outset
border-image-repeat
border-image-slice
border-image-source
border-image-width
border-left
border-left-color
border-left-style
border-left-width
border-radius
border-right
border-right-color
border-right-style
border-right-width
border-spacing
border-style
border-top
border-top-color
border-top-left-radius
border-top-right-radius
border-top-style
border-top-width
border-width
bottom
box-decoration-break
box-shadow
box-sizing
break-after
break-before
break-inside

caption-side
caret-color
@charset
clear
clip
clip-path
color
column-count
column-fill
column-gap
column-rule
column-rule-color
column-rule-style
column-rule-width
column-span
column-width
columns
content
counter-increment
counter-reset
cursor

direction
display
empty-cells
filter
flex
flex-basis
flex-direction
flex-flow
flex-grow
flex-shrink
flex-wrap
float
font
@font-face
font-family
font-feature-settings
font-kerning
font-size
font-size-adjust
font-stretch
font-style
font-variant
font-variant-caps
font-weight

gap
grid
grid-area
grid-auto-columns
grid-auto-flow
grid-auto-rows
grid-column
grid-column-end
grid-column-gap
grid-column-start
grid-gap
grid-row
grid-row-end
grid-row-gap
grid-row-start
grid-template
grid-template-areas
grid-template-columns
grid-template-rows

hanging-punctuation
height
hyphens
@import
isolation
justify-content
@keyframes
left
letter-spacing

line-height
list-style
list-style-image
list-style-position
list-style-type

margin
margin-bottom
margin-left
margin-right
margin-top
max-height
max-width
@media
min-height
min-width
mix-blend-mode

object-fit
object-position
opacity
order
outline
outline-color
outline-offset
outline-style
outline-width
overflow
overflow-x
overflow-y

padding
padding-bottom
padding-left
padding-right
padding-top
page-break-after
page-break-before
page-break-inside
perspective
perspective-origin
pointer-events
position
quotes

resize
right
row-gap

scroll-behavior

tab-size
table-layout
text-align
text-align-last
text-decoration
text-decoration-color
text-decoration-line
text-decoration-style
text-indent
text-justify
text-overflow
text-shadow
text-transform
top

transform
transform-origin
transform-style
transition
transition-delay
transition-duration
transition-property
transition-timing-function

unicode-bidi
user-select

vertical-align
visibility

white-space
width
word-break
word-spacing
word-wrap
writing-mode

z-index

Другие примеры

Пример

Пунктирная граница:

div {border-style: dashed;}

Пример

Сплошная граница:

div {border-style: solid;}

Пример

Двойная граница:

div {border-style: double;}

Пример

Граница канавки:

div {    border-style: groove;    border-color: coral;    border-width: 7px;}

Пример

Граница хребта:

div {    border-style: ridge;    border-color: coral;    border-width: 7px;}

Пример

Граница вставки:

div {    border-style: inset;    border-color: coral;    border-width: 7px;}

Пример

Граница начала:

div {    border-style: outset;    border-color: coral;    border-width: 7px;}

Пример

Задайте различные границы для каждой стороны элемента:

p.one {border-style: dotted solid dashed double;}
p.two {border-style: dotted solid dashed;}
p.three {border-style: dotted solid;}
p.four {border-style: dotted;}

CSS Reference

CSS ReferenceCSS Browser SupportCSS SelectorsCSS FunctionsCSS Reference AuralCSS Web Safe FontsCSS Font FallbacksCSS AnimatableCSS UnitsCSS PX-EM ConverterCSS ColorsCSS Color ValuesCSS Default ValuesCSS Entities

CSS Properties

align-content
align-items
align-self
all
animation
animation-delay
animation-direction
animation-duration
animation-fill-mode
animation-iteration-count
animation-name
animation-play-state
animation-timing-function

backface-visibility
background
background-attachment
background-blend-mode
background-clip
background-color
background-image
background-origin
background-position
background-repeat
background-size
border
border-bottom
border-bottom-color
border-bottom-left-radius
border-bottom-right-radius
border-bottom-style
border-bottom-width
border-collapse
border-color
border-image
border-image-outset
border-image-repeat
border-image-slice
border-image-source
border-image-width
border-left
border-left-color
border-left-style
border-left-width
border-radius
border-right
border-right-color
border-right-style
border-right-width
border-spacing
border-style
border-top
border-top-color
border-top-left-radius
border-top-right-radius
border-top-style
border-top-width
border-width
bottom
box-decoration-break
box-shadow
box-sizing
break-after
break-before
break-inside

caption-side
caret-color
@charset
clear
clip
clip-path
color
column-count
column-fill
column-gap
column-rule
column-rule-color
column-rule-style
column-rule-width
column-span
column-width
columns
content
counter-increment
counter-reset
cursor

direction
display
empty-cells
filter
flex
flex-basis
flex-direction
flex-flow
flex-grow
flex-shrink
flex-wrap
float
font
@font-face
font-family
font-feature-settings
font-kerning
font-size
font-size-adjust
font-stretch
font-style
font-variant
font-variant-caps
font-weight

gap
grid
grid-area
grid-auto-columns
grid-auto-flow
grid-auto-rows
grid-column
grid-column-end
grid-column-gap
grid-column-start
grid-gap
grid-row
grid-row-end
grid-row-gap
grid-row-start
grid-template
grid-template-areas
grid-template-columns
grid-template-rows

hanging-punctuation
height
hyphens
@import
isolation
justify-content
@keyframes
left
letter-spacing

line-height
list-style
list-style-image
list-style-position
list-style-type

margin
margin-bottom
margin-left
margin-right
margin-top
max-height
max-width
@media
min-height
min-width
mix-blend-mode

object-fit
object-position
opacity
order
outline
outline-color
outline-offset
outline-style
outline-width
overflow
overflow-x
overflow-y

padding
padding-bottom
padding-left
padding-right
padding-top
page-break-after
page-break-before
page-break-inside
perspective
perspective-origin
pointer-events
position
quotes

resize
right
row-gap

scroll-behavior

tab-size
table-layout
text-align
text-align-last
text-decoration
text-decoration-color
text-decoration-line
text-decoration-style
text-indent
text-justify
text-overflow
text-shadow
text-transform
top

transform
transform-origin
transform-style
transition
transition-delay
transition-duration
transition-property
transition-timing-function

unicode-bidi
user-select

vertical-align
visibility

white-space
width
word-break
word-spacing
word-wrap
writing-mode

z-index

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